Greek Ε ε words — Dictionary and morphology

ἐκ 1

Main meanings


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out of,
(away) from

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Text based on: Liddell H. G., Scott R. An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon. Founded upon the 7th ed. of Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1889. It would be better to find Oxford Clarendon edition

Format: original

ἘΚ, before a vowel ἘΞ, and ἘΓ before β γ δ λ μ:—Prep. governing GEN. only, Lat. e, ex:—Radical sense, from, out of, opp. to εἰς:


1. of Motion, out of, forth from, Hom., etc.: ἐκ θυμοῦ φίλεον I loved her from my heart, with all my heart, Il.

2. to denote change from one place or condition to another, κακὸν ἐκ κακοῦ one evil from (or after) another, Ib.; λόγον ἐκ λόγου λέγειν Dem.

3. to express distinction from a number, ἐκ πόλεων πίσυρες four out of many, Il.

4. of Position, like ἔξω, outside of, beyond, ἐκ βελέων out of shot, Ib.; ἐκ καπνοῦ out of the smoke, Od.

5. with Verbs of Rest, ἐκ ποταμοῦ χρόα νίζετο washed his body with water from the river, Ib.:—with Verbs signifying to hang or fasten, ἐκ πασσαλόφι κρέμασεν φόρμιγγα he hung his lyre from (i.e. on) the peg, Ib.; ἐκ τοῦ βραχίονος ἐπέλκουσα leading it [by a rein] upon her arm, Hdt.:—also, sitting or standing, στᾶσ’ ἐξ Οὐλύμποιο from Olympus where she stood, Il.; καθῆσθαι ἐκ πάγων to sit on the heights and look from them, Soph.

II. OF TIME, ἐξ οὗ or ἐξ οὗτε [χρόνου], Lat. ex quo, since, Hom., Att.; ἐκ τοῦ or ἐκ τοῖο from that time, Il.; ἐκ πολλοῦ (sc. χρόνου) for a long time, Thuc.

2. of particular points of time, ἐκ νέου or ἐκ παιδός from boyhood; ἐξ ἀρχῆς, etc.; so, ἐκ θυσίας γενέσθαι to have just finished sacrifice, Hdt.; ἐκ τοῦ ἀρίστου after breakfast, Xen.

3. when we say in or by, ἐκ νυκτῶν Od.; ἐκ νυκτός Xen., etc.


1. of the Material, out of or of which things are made, ποιεῖσθαι ἐκ ξύλων τὰ πλοῖα Hdt.

2. of the Father, ἔκ τινος εἶναι, γενέσθαι, φῦναι, etc., Il.; ἀγαθοὶ καὶ ἐξ ἀγαθκων Plat.

3. of the Author or Occasion of a thing, ὄναρ ἐκ Διός ἐστιν Il.; θάνατος ἐκ μνηστήρων death by the hand of the suitors, Od.; τὰ ἐξΕ͂̓λλήνων τείχεα walls built by them, Hdt.

4. with the agent after Pass. Verbs, where ὑπό is more common, ἐφίληθεν ἐκ Διός they were beloved of (i.e. by) Zeus, Il.

5. of the Cause, Instrument or Means by which a thing is done, ἐκ πατέρων φιλότητος in consequence of our fathers friendship, Od.; so, ἐκ τίνος; ἐκ τοῦ; wherefore? Eur.; ποιεῖτε ὑμῖν φίλους ἐκ τοῦ Μαμωνᾶ τῆς ἀδικίας make yourselves friends of (i.e. by means of), N.T.

6. from, i.e. according to, ἐκ τῶν λογίων according to the oracles, Hdt.; ἐκ νόμων Aesch.

7. periphr. for an Adv., (as in Lat. ex consulto, ex composito), ἐκ βίας by force, = βιαίως, Soph.; ἐκ τοῦ φανεροῦ = φανερῶς, Thuc., etc.

8. with numerals, ἐκ τρίτου in the third place, Eur.


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