Greek Η η words — Dictionary and morphology

ἥρως, ωος, ὁ 1

Main forms

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ἥρως,
ωος, ὁ
 

Main meanings

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hero,
mighty warrior,
protector,
savior
 

Dictionary article

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Text based on: Liddell H. G., Scott R. An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon. Founded upon the 7th ed. of Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1889. It would be better to find Oxford Clarendon edition

Format: original

ἭΡΩΣ, ὁ, gen. ἥρωος, Att. also ἥρω: dat. ἥρωϊ, ἥρῳ: acc. ἥρωα, ἥρω, rarely ἥρων:— Plur., nom. ἥρωες, rarely ἥρως, dat. ἥρωσιν: acc. ἥρωας, rarely ἥρως:—(akin to Lat. vir), a hero, in Hom. used of the Greeks before Troy, then of warriors generally; and then of all free men of the heroic age, as the minstrel Demodocus, the herald Mulius, even the unwarlike Phaeacians.

2. in Hes. the Blessed Heroes are the Fourth Age of men, who fell before Thebes and Troy, and then passed to the Islands of the Blest.

3. heroes, as objects of worship, demigods or men born from a god and a mortal, as Hercules, Aeneas, Memnon, Hdt., Pind.; then of such as had done great services to mankind, as Daedalus, Triptolemus, Theseus, Anth.

4. later, the heroes are inferior local deities, patrons of tribes, cities, guilds, founders of cities, etc.; as at Athens, the ἥρωες ἐπώνυμοι were the heroes after whom the φυλαί were named, Hdt.

 

Inflection chart

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Declension:

Singular

N. ἥρως
G. ἥρωος
D. ἥρῳ
A. ἥρωα
V. ἥρως

Dual

N. ἥρωε
G. ἡρώοιιν
D. ἡρώοιιν
A. ἥρωε
V. ἥρωε

Plural

N. ἥρωες
G. ἡρώων
D. ἡρώεσι, ἥρωσι
A. ἥρωας
V. ἥρωες

 

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