Greek Ψ ψ words — Dictionary and morphology

ψυχή, ῆς, ἡ 1

Main forms

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ψυχή,
ῆς, ἡ
 

Main meanings

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soul,
life,
spirit,
breath
 

Dictionary article

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Text based on: Liddell H. G., Scott R. An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon. Founded upon the 7th ed. of Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1889. It would be better to find Oxford Clarendon edition

Format: original

ψῡχή, ἡ, (ψύχω) breath, Lat. anima, esp. as the sign of life, the life, spirit, Hom., etc.; ψυχή τε μένος τε ψυχή τε καὶ αἰών, ψυχὴ καὶ θυμός Hom.; τὸν δʼ ἔλιπε ψυχή, of one swooning, Il.; ψυχὴν παρθέμενος staking or risking ones life, Od.; so, ἐμὴν ψυχὴν παραβαλλόμενος Il.; περὶ ψυχῆς for ones life, i.e. to save it, Od.; μάχεσθαι, θέειν περὶ ψυχῆς Hom.; τρέχειν περὶ ψυχῆς Hdt.; ὁ περὶ τῆς ψυχῆς ἀγών the struggle is for life and death, Soph.; ποινὴν τῆς Αἰσώπου ψυχῆς ἀνελέσθαι to take revenge for the life of Aesop, Hdt.; ψυχὴν ἀφιέναι to give up the ghost, Eur.

2. metaph. of things dear as life, χρήματα γὰρ ψυχὴ βροτοῖσι Hes.; πᾶσι δʼ ἀνθρώποις ψυχὴ τέκνʼ [ἐστί] Eur.

II. the departed soul, spirit, ghost, Hom.

2. the soul or spirit of man, Lat. anima, opp. to σῶμα, Plat., Xen.:—ψυχή τινος, periphr. for the man himself, Soph.; also ψυχαί, souls, = ἄνθρωποι, Aesch., Ar.:—hence in addressing persons, ὦ μελέα ψυχή Soph.; ὦ ἀγαθὴ καὶ πιστὴ ψ. Xen.; πᾶσα ψυχὴ ὑποτασσέσθω let every soul be subject, N.T.

3. the soul, heart, ψυχὴν ἄριστε Ar.; ἐκ τῆς ψυχῆς with all the heart, Xen.

4. appetite, δοῦναί τι τῇ ψυχῇ, like Lat. indulgere animo, Aesch.

III. the soul, mind, understanding, ψυχὴν οὐκ ἄκρος Hdt.

 

Inflection chart

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Declension:

Singular

N. ψυχή
G. ψυχῆς
D. ψυχῇ
A. ψυχήν
V. ψυχή

Dual

N. ψυχά
G. ψυχῇιν
D. ψυχῇιν
A. ψυχά
V. ψυχά

Plural

N. ψυχαί
G. ψυχάων
D. ψυχῇσι, ψυχῇς
A. ψυχάς
V. ψυχαί

 

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