§ 25 — A. R. Benner Selections from Homer's Iliad 2

Text based on: Benner A. R. Selections from Homer's Iliad. With an introduction, notes, a short Homeric grammar, and a vocabulary. New York: D. Appleton and Co. 1910.

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Hiatus (Latin for ‘gaping’) occurs when a word ending in a vowel immediately precedes another which begins with a vowel. It may be avoided, of course, by elision, as ἔφατ'(ο) εὐχόμενος. It is chiefly found under the following conditions:

1. If the first of the two words ends in a long vowel or a diphthong which is regarded and used as a short syllable. This shortening of a final long vowel or diphthong in the arsis, before an initial vowel of the following word, is very common. E. g.

A 14,ἑ|κηβόλου | Ἀπόλ|λωνος
v| – v v | – – | – v
A 15, χρυσέῳ ἀ|νὰ κτλ. (-εῳ is pronounced as one syllable; cf. § 43).
– v v| –
Γ 164,
οὔτί μοι| αἴτίη | ἐσσί· || θε|οί νύ μοι | αἴτιοί | εἰσιν
– v v | – vv | – v || v|– v v | – v v | – v

a. Final -αι and -οι, though short in determining word accent, are metrically l ong except under the condition just noted.

2. If the first word ends in -ι (dative singular of third declension) or -υ. E. g. B 6, Ἀγαμεμνονι οὖλον. Ω 387, σύ ἐσσι. But many such instances (e. g. A 393) must be referred to § 25.3.

3. If the first word is followed by a natural pause ( § 16, § 19, 20). E. g.

(a) Feminine caesura of third foot:

A 27, ἢ νῦν δηθύνοντα || ἢ ὕστερον αὖτις ἰόντα.

(b) Masculine caesura of third foot:

A 114, κουριδίης ἀλόχου, || ἐπεὶ οὔ ἑθέν ἐστι χερείων.

(c) Bucolic diaeresis:

B 3, ἀλλ' ὅ γε μερμήριζε κατὰ φρένα, | ὡς Ἀχιλῆα.

(d) Diaeresis after first foot:

I 247, ἀλλ' ἄνα, | εἰ μέμονάς γε κτλ.

After the formula αὐτὰρ ὅ at the beginning of a line hiatus is several times found (as in A 333), although there is actually no pause in sense.

4. If the first word ends with the thesis of a foot, even when no natural pause occurs at that point. E. g.

A 30,ἡμετέ|ρῳ ἐνὶ | κτλ.
– v v| – v v |
 
1seeries: [1264|1265|1266|1267|1268|1269|1270|1271|1272|1273|1274|1275|1276|1277|1278|1279|1280|1281|1282|1283|1284|1285|1259|1260|1261|1262|1263]

2seeries: [1264|1265|1266|1267|1268|1269|1270|1271|1272|1273|1274|1275|1276|1277|1278|1279|1280|1281|1282|1283|1284|1285|1259|1260|1261|1262|1263]

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1. § 27, A. R. Benner Selections from Homer's Iliad

googoo on Thu, January 27, 2011 - 5:30 pm# 1.00

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first comment on benner grammar, p27

2. § 25, A. R. Benner Selections from Homer's Iliad

Boobin on Fri, December 10, 2010 - 3:20 pm# 1.00

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seventh comment on benner grammar, p25

googoo on Thu, January 27, 2011 - 5:29 pm# 2.00

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second comment on benner grammar, p25

3. § 34, A. R. Benner Selections from Homer's Iliad

Boobin on Fri, December 10, 2010 - 3:29 pm# 1.00

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first comment on benner selections par34

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3. § 34, A. R. Benner Selections from Homer's Iliad (1)

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Boobin on Fri, December 10, 2010 - 3:20 pm# 1  

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seventh comment on benner grammar, p25

googoo on Thu, January 27, 2011 - 5:29 pm# 2  

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second comment on benner grammar, p25