§ 331 — D. B. Monro Grammar of the Homeric Dialect 2

Text based on: Monro D. B. A Grammar of the Homeric Dialect. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1891.

   Modifying

Emphasize important words and phrases with <span class="colored"> .

   Using

Insert code into Syntax table as contents of {lineX_wordY_longsyntax} tag,
or into Morphology table as contents of {lineX_wordY_morphology} tag,
or into Prosody table as contents of {lineX_wordY_prosodyexp} tag, or use any number of paragraphs to generate grammar table.

Format: original

The enclitic τε has two main uses which it is essential to distinguish ; besides one or two special uses of less importance.

(a) As a Conjunction τε connects clauses and single words. It is especially used when a new fact or new object is to take its place pari passu with what has been already said : κύνεσσιν οἰωνοῖσί τε πᾶσι to dogs and birds as well: αἵ πᾶσι κακὸν Τρώεσσι γένοντο οἶ τ' αὐτῷ which were a bane to all the Trojans, and to himself (equally). This meaning is given still more distinctly by the Correlative τε—τε : thus we have the pairs ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε, δῆμος τε πόλις τε, κλαγγῇ τ' ἐνοπῇ τε, &c. and the pairs of Clauses expressing simultaneous action, such as—

ἄψ τ' ἀνεχορησεν, ὦχρός τέ μιν εἷλε παρειάς.

Hence τε—τε sometimes marks that two things are mutually dependent : ὀλίγον τε φίλον τε=‘not less dear because small,’ λυσόμενός τε θύγατρα φέρων τ' ἀπερείσι' ἄποινα=‘bringing vast ransom for the deliverance of his daughter’ : Il.5.359 κόμισαί τέ με δός τέ μοι ἵππους.

The combinations τε—καί and τε—ἠδέ (or ἰδέ) are also common in Homer, and not sensibly different in meaning from τε—τε : as—

ὤμωξέν τ' ἄρ ἔπειτα καί ὥ πεπλήγετο μηρώ.

χλαῖνάν τ' ἠδὲ χιτῶνα.

As to the place of τε the general rule is that it follows the first word in the Clause. Hence when standing first in the pair τε—τε it does not always follow the word which it couples : e.g. Il.6.317 ἐγγύθι τε Πριάμοιο και Ἕκτορος near both Priam and Hector ; Il.5.878 σοί τ' ἐπιπείθονται καὶ δεδμήμεσθα ἕκασττος (cp. 2.136, 198., 4.505., 7.294-5).

The use of τε as a particle of transition (to begin a fresh sentence after a pause) is not Homeric, though common in later Greek. This may indicate that the use as a connecting Particle was originally confined to the Correlative τε—τε (Delbrück, Synt. Forsch. iv. p. 145).

 
1seeries: [2837|2838|2839]

2seeries: [2837|2838|2839]

Error occured:

Success!

Logging in...

Logging out...

Login

Username

Password

Auto-login on future visits

Loading comments...

Error occurred:

Latest comments

1. § 333, D. B. Monro Grammar of the Homeric Dialect

googoo on Thu, January 27, 2011 - 5:37 pm# 1.00

googoo's avatar

first comment on Monro Grammar of the Homeric Dialect, par 333

2. § 331, D. B. Monro Grammar of the Homeric Dialect

googoo on Thu, January 27, 2011 - 5:35 pm# 1.00

googoo's avatar

first comment on Monro Grammar of the Homeric Dialect, par 331

googoo on Thu, January 27, 2011 - 5:37 pm# 2.00

googoo's avatar

second comment on Monro Grammar of the Homeric Dialect, par 331

Loading commented pages list...

Error occurred:

Commented items

3 comments on 2 items

1. § 331, D. B. Monro Grammar of the Homeric Dialect (2)

2. § 333, D. B. Monro Grammar of the Homeric Dialect (1)

Loading list of commenters...

Error occurred:

Loading list of sections commented by {commenters_author_screen_name}...

Error occurred:

List of commenters

1 commenter posted 3 comments

1. googoo (3 comments on 2 items)

Loading comment preview...

Error occurred:

Comments on § 331, D. B. Monro Grammar of the Homeric Dialect (2)

To comment you must be logged in. In order to login click item "Login" in "Hello Guest" menu above.

Loading comments...

Error occurred:

googoo on Thu, January 27, 2011 - 5:35 pm# 1  

googoo's avatar

first comment on Monro Grammar of the Homeric Dialect, par 331

googoo on Thu, January 27, 2011 - 5:37 pm# 2  

googoo's avatar

second comment on Monro Grammar of the Homeric Dialect, par 331