§ 1872 — H. W. Smyth Greek Grammar 1

Text based on: Smyth H. W. Greek Grammar for Colleges. New York etc.: American Book Company. 1920.

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Participle (not in indirect discourse).— The participle, as a verbal adjective, is timeless. The tenses of the participle express only continuance, simple occurrence, and completion with permanent result. Whether the action expressed by the participle is antecedent, coincident, or subsequent to that of the leading verb (in any tense) depends on the context. The future participle has a temporal force only because its voluntative force points to the future.

a. Present (continuative) [...]

b. Future (chiefly voluntative) [...]

c. Aorist (simple occurrence). The action set forth by the aorist participle is generally antecedent to that of the leading verb ; but it is sometimes coincident or nearly so, when it defines, or is identical with, that of the leading verb, and the subordinate action is only a modification of the main action. [...]

d. Perfect (completion with permanent result) [...]

 
1seeries: [2841]

2seeries: [2841]

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1. § 1872, H. W. Smyth Greek Grammar

Laisvunas on Fri, January 28, 2011 - 5:18 pm# 1.00

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Laisvunas on Fri, January 28, 2011 - 5:18 pm# 1  

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first comment on Smyth Greek Grammar par 1872